The All Minorities at Risk (AMAR) project is an independent iteration of Minorities at Risk (MAR), a university-based research project that monitors and analyzes the status and conflicts of politically-active communal groups in all countries with a current population of at least 500,000. The MAR project was designed to provide information in a standardized format that aids comparative research and contributes to the understanding of conflicts involving relevant groups.
AMAR builds on MAR but uses a new set of selection criteria that is free from the selection issues known to plague other data on ethnic groups. These selection criteria are based on the concept of "socially relevant" ethnic groups, rather than groups that are "at risk", to identify an expanded list of 1,202 ethnic groups, more than 900 of which were not in the original MAR dataset. Based on this list, the project created a new database – the AMAR Phase I data – which is more representative of the universe of socially relevant ethnic groups.
The AMAR project is led by CIDCM Research Director Johanna Birnir.